International Congress on the Olive Grove and Olive Oil Olive-growing territories facing socioeconomic and environmental changes

 Andalusian Academy of Regional Science                       

Jaén Congress Center (IFEJA)

May 26-29, 2022

 

The Andalusian Academy of Regional Science (AACR) is pleased to invite you to participate in the CIAO2022, INTERNATIONAL CONGRESS ON THE OLIVE GROVE AND OLIVE OIL, the olive-growing territories facing socio-economic and environmental changes, which will take place at the Palacio de Congresos de Jaén (IFEJA), during the 26th, 27th and 28th of May 2022.

 

Presentation and aim of the Congress

Olive growing and olive oil production are currently undergoing a moment of transcendental  change, both from a productive and technological point of view as well as from a commercial, institutional and political.

Technologically, there have been remarkable advances in the last decades, due to great efforts in R&D. This has enhanced different types of production systems in olive groves, from the most marginal traditional to the super intensive and in hedgerows, and from the most conventional to the totally organic cultivation. Likewise, varietal diversity and advances in oil extraction and packaging technologies have made it possible to introduce variants in the final product that determine a gradient of qualities and types, thus responding to the demands and preferences of different consumer niches.

The olive grove will have to face some immediate future challenges: in addition to the global objectives of the agricultural sector in general, such as the processes of generational replacement, digitalisation and greening, it will have to adapt to the new CAP reform. This reform forces a process of convergence of direct aid to the olive grove, and favours the application of eco-schemes, thereby supporting compliance in olive farms with agricultural practices that favour the environment.

On the other hand, the already evident process of climate change on the planet will undoubtedly affect, in some way, the phenology of the olive trees, its irrigation water requirements or its productivity, particularly in the warmer regions of the Mediterranean basin, thus generating a new technological challenge to identify and try to mitigate these effects.

The olive tree is now cultivated in more than 50 countries, occupying nearly eleven million hectares. The supply of olive oil is constantly growing, due to the increase in surface area and intensification of cultivation in the typical producing countries and the entry into production of new large plantations in other countries. Besides, although demand tends to grow in the emerging consumer countries, it is stagnant or decreasing in the large producing ones, which are also those with largest consumption.

 

The markets, mainly controlled by large-scale distribution, due to the relative fragmentation of the productive sector, often experience price volatility. This cannot always be explained by the natural supply-demand balance. In some situations olive oil retail prices are almost dumping prices. On the other hand, production costs, particularly labour costs, have been rising considerably, pushing some farms, particularly traditional mountain olive groves, to the limit of their profitability.

Another recent problem for olive oil is the European quality standards. This emerges with Nutri-Score, a front-end labelling system that aims to evaluate the nutrient content of foods with an overall quality rating without nuances. In this standard, up to now of optional application, although already assumed by several European countries, olive oil does not fare very well, since the beneficial properties that it undoubtedly possesses are not sufficiently taken into account. If this labelling system, as it is currently conceived, were to be made compulsory, the consumption of olive oil in the important European Union market could be significantly affected, as its image in the eyes of the European consumer would be harmed.

For Spain, as the leading producer of olive oils and one of the countries with the highest consumption, the current challenges are particularly acute. To complicate the situation, in October 2019, a major consumer and importing country such as the United States imposed high tariffs on import of bottled Spanish olive oil, as a result of trade wars that have nothing to do with the olive grove. This extraordinary tariff, which during its year and a half of validity affected very negatively a large part of Spanish exports of bottled olive oil to the USA, was temporarily eliminated for four months from the beginning of March 2021. Finally, it has recently been suppressed, at least for the next five years, by the Biden administration, giving a break to the sector. This asymmetric and competition-distorting tariff policy has shown strong negative effects on Spanish olive oil exports to the USA. As a consequence, Spain has lost its leadership role in that market, which it had recently managed to achieve with much export effort.

The issue of the effect of possible future tariffs, both generalized or applied specifically to the exports of some countries, is a subject of interest for research and debate. In the specific case of Spain, another interesting subject is the design of strategies to recover the leadership lost in the US market, which, with 400,000 MT of consumption, rank third in the world in total consumption of olive oil, and it is by far the first among the countries that are not considered large producers.

Against this background, the CIAO2022 aims to become a scientific forum for discussion on the current situation of the olive grove and olive oil and to provide analysis and ideas that can crystallize into possible technological, commercial, institutional and political solutions.

 

To this end, the CIAO2022 sessions will be organized around four main themes:

 

– Olive growing systems: technical and economic aspects.

– Olive oil: production, types and characteristics

– Olive groves, environment and territory: olive groves in rural development.

– Markets, consumption and demand: marketing strategies.

The important institutional and political aspects related to olive groves and olive oil will have a fundamental treatment in CIAO2022, constituting a fifth axis of a transversal nature, as they will be addressed in the sessions that will be developed from the four previous thematic axes.

Within these four thematic areas, proposals for specific thematic sessions may be submitted. The proposal for a session should indicate at least the title, objectives and the name of the session coordinator, although it would be desirable to include at least two names of possible participants interested in this topic. The session coordinator will review, together with the scientific committee of CIAO2022, the abstracts and papers submitted to the session, taking the appropriate measures to ensure their quality. The scientific committee, always in contact with the session coordinators, reserves the right to place in a session the abstracts submitted directly to the thematic axes, to group or divide sessions according to the number and nature of the papers submitted to them, as well as to encourage the creation of sessions on non-proposed topics that are considered of interest. The final sessions will be made public on November 15, 2021.

Important dates:

 

Deadline for thematic session proposals: October 30, 2021.

Session acceptance date: November 15, 2021.

Deadline for abstract submission: December 15, 2021.

Deadline for abstract acceptance: December 20, 2021.

Deadline for submission of abstracts: March 1, 2022

Deadline for notification of acceptance of abstracts and, if applicable, reviewers’ suggestions: March 20, 2022

Final date for submission of revised papers: April 15, 2022

Deadline for reduced registration: April 30, 2022

Abstract submission guidelines

Abstracts, in English or Spanish, may be submitted either directly to the thematic tracks from the time of publication of this circular until December 15, 2021, or to some of the specific sessions that will be announced one month before. Abstracts should be sent, in either case, before December 15, 2021, inclusive, to the e-mail address jdsanche@ujaen.es. They should have a maximum length of 500 words in Times New Roman 12 format and single spacing, including title, author, place of work, e-mail address, text (with reference to the objectives, methods and main results), key words and thematic axis or specific session to which the abstract is to be attached.

 

Guidelines for the submission of papers

The rules for the submission of papers (in extended abstract format with a maximum of 2,000 words; or communications, with a maximum of 10,000 words) will be available in the second circular and can be consulted at https://www.acacr.es.

 

Accepted papers will be published on paper in the book of papers and communications of CIAO2022, which will have ISBN.

Registration

Registration should be done by sending a message to the address jdsanche@ujaen.es indicating in the subject INSCRIPCIÓN CIAO2022. In the body of the message should be specified the full name, institution to which it belongs, the type of registration to which it applies and a copy of the receipt of payment, which will be made by transfer to the account of the bank Unicaja Banco ES06 2103 0722 8400 3005 0049.

Registration fees


Modality                                                         Until April 30, 2022             After April 30, 2022

 

General fee                                                     200                                        250

Undergraduate and graduate students         40                                          50

 

Congress Secretariat

For any queries, please contact jdsanche@ujaen.es

TENTATIVE PROGRAM

 

 

THURSDAY 26TH MAY

08:15 a.m.: START OF ACCREDITATION AND PICK-UP OF MATERIALS

09:15 to 10:15 a.m. INSTITUTIONAL INAUGURATION

10:15 to 10:45 a.m. MILLER’S BREAKFAST (DESAYUNO MOLINERO)

10:45 to 11:45 INAUGURAL CONFERENCE

11:45 to 14:15 GENERAL PAPERS ON THE 4 THEME AXES

14:15 to 16:00 BREAK

16:00 to 19:00 SPECIFIC PAPERS AND COMMUNICATIONS SESSIONS: Axis 1 and Axis 2 (parallel sessions)

21:00 hours: INSTITUTIONAL RECEPTION

 

FRIDAY, MAY 27TH

8:30 to 13:00 TECHNICAL VISIT WITH FIELD TRIP

14:00 to 15:30 BREAK

16:00 to 19:00 SPECIFIC PAPERS AND COMMUNICATIONS: Axis 3 and Axis 4 SESSIONS (parallel sessions)

20:30 to 21:30 NIGHT TOUR OF JAÉN

FREE DINNER

SATURDAY, MAY 28TH

9:30 to 11:00 ROUND TABLE WITH PARTICIPATION OF THE INDUSTRY

11:00 to 11:30 MILLER’S BREAKFAST (DESAYUNO MOLINERO)

11:30 TO 12:30 SCIENTIFIC CONCLUSIONS OF THE CONGRESS

12:30 TO 13:30 CLOSING CEREMONY

 13:30 CONGRESS LUNCH

 

ANEXXES

ORGANIZATION CHART

President
 
Mr. José Valles Ferrer
 
Vicepresident
 
Mr. Francisco Rodríguez Martínez
 
General Secretary
 
Mr. Francisco del Río Muñoz
 
SCIENTIFIC COMITTEE
 

President.

Mr. Javier Calatrava Requena.  Andalusian Academy or Regional Science.

 

Members.

Sr. D. Diego Barranco Navero. Universidad de Córdoba.

Sra. Dª Angjelina Belaj. IFAPA. Córdoba.

Sr. D. Gabriel  Beltrán Maza. IFAPA. Jaén.

Sr. D. Juan Caballero Reig. IFAPA. Córdoba

Sr. D. José Antonio Camacho. I.D.R. Universidad de Granada. AACR

Sra. Dª Mercedes Campo  Aranda. CSIC.- EEZ. Granada

Sr. D. Kostas Chartzoulakis. Demeter. Institut for Olive Tree and Subtropical Plants. Atenas.

Sr. D, Raúl de la Rosa Navarro. IFAPA. Córdoba.

Sr. D. Abderraouf El Antari. INRA. Marrakech.

Sr. D. Elias Fereres Castiel. CSIC-IAS. Córdoba.

Sr. D, José Antonio Gómez Limón. Universidad de Córdoba.

Sr. D. Lorenzo León Moreno. IFAPA. Córdoba.

Sr. D. Emilio Martínez de la Victoria. Universidad de Granada.

Sr. D. Fernando Martínez Román. CSIC. Instituto de la Grasa. Sevilla

Sr. D. Monji Msalleur. Institut de l´Olivier. Tunez

Sra. Dª Andrea Marchini. Universitá di Perugia

Sr. D. José Alberto Pereira. Escola Superior Agraria (ESA) Braganza

Sr. D. Manuel Parras Rosa. Universidad de Jaén.

Sr. D. Luis Rallo Romero. Universidad de Córdoba.

Sr. D. Agustí Romero Aroca. IRTA-Mas Bové. Tarragona.

Sr. D. José Domingo Sánchez Martínez. Universidad de Jaén. AACR.

Sr D. Sebastián Sánchez Villasclaras. Inst. de Inv. en Olivar y Aceite de Oliva. Univ. de Jaén.

Sr. D. Samir Sayadi Gmada, IFAPA (Granada).

Sr. D. Maurizio Servili. Universitá di Perugia.

Sr. D. Lhasane Sikkaoui. INRA . Marruecos. (pte. confirmación)

Organizing Committee

President

Sr. D. José Domingo Sánchez

Members

Sr. D. Juan Carlos Rodríguez Cohard

Sr. D. Antonio Garrido Almonacid

Sr. D. Vicente José Gallego Simón

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